Perspectives and Problems of Inclusion Education in Kazakhstan during Covid 19

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Shynar Gabdrakhmanova
Gulaiym Turetayeva
Svetlana Doszhanova



The XXI century is characterized by the understanding that only individual self-realization is the primary goal of any social development. These changes in public consciousness have caused the emergence of a new paradigm of education based on approaches and concepts developed by modern practice. This includes the idea of "inclusive education." Inclusive education in Kazakhstan is in the formation process, therefore, establishing a system of inclusive education requires a solution at the state level. Coupled with the global pandemic which has affected every person especially the most vulnerable kids, the State Program for the Development of Education and Science in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2020-2025 raises an urgent problem of developing inclusive education. This study conducted a survey using an online poll with participants who are parents of kids with special needs. We asked what kind of challenges they met during Covid 19 pandemic time. Respondents ranked the following topics as the most complicated: lack of funding and resources reduced effectiveness of the educational staff training system, unregulated management and legislative framework, weak coordination of external services, and insufficient participation of the public and private sectors. The results of the research demonstrated that very few schoolchildren with special educational needs receive quality inclusive education.


Keywords: Covid 19; inclusive education; special needs, parents.


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Gabdrakhmanova, S., Turetayeva, G., & Doszhanova, S. (2020). Perspectives and Problems of Inclusion Education in Kazakhstan during Covid 19. International Journal of Special Education and Information Technologies, 6(1), 29–36.