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The research purpose is examining the poems in Turkish textbooks for 1st–8th grade in terms of figurative language usage. The data source used in this qualitative study was gathered from the Turkish textbooks for the 1st–8th grade which was published in 2015–2016. The data were collected through document analysis and analysed via content analysis. It is revealed by this study that mostly simile and least metonyms and metaphors have been used for the 1st–4th-grade poems. In the poems included in the 5th–6th-grade Turkish course books, trope and simile have been utilized the most and metonym and metaphor have been used the least. In the poems included in 7th- and 8th-grade Turkish course books, trope and simile have been used the most and metonym and metaphor have been utilized the least.
Keywords: Figurative language, children’s poems, Turkish education, trope.
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