World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues <p align="justify"><strong>World Journal on Educational Technology</strong>: <strong>Current Issues</strong> <strong>(WJET)</strong> is a peer-reviewed and quarterly published journal on educational technology. WJET is devoted to be a joint platform for presenting and discussing the emerging developments on educational technology in an international arena. The aim of the journal is to publish original research, development and review articles to contribute to the development of educational technology field.</p> <p><strong>ERIC (<a href=""></a>) Metrics Report from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021</strong></p> <p><strong><em>All Views</em></strong>: 13,490, <strong><em>All Downloads</em></strong>: 9,353</p> <table width="555"> <tbody> <tr> <td> </td> <td width="413"> <p><strong> Article Title</strong></p> </td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong>Views</strong></p> </td> <td width="79"> <p><strong>Downloads</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>1.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>The Importance of Simulation in Nursing Education</p> </td> <td> <p>4,401</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>1,587</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>2.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Flipped Classroom Approach</p> </td> <td> <p>1,419</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>866</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>3.</p> </td> <td rowspan="2" width="413"> <p>The Effect of Educational Digital Games on Education, Motivation and Attitudes of Elementary School Students against Course Access</p> </td> <td> <p>432</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>274</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <p>141</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>149</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>4.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>An Examination of Digital Footprint Awareness and Digital Experiences of Higher Education Students</p> </td> <td> <p>437</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>182</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>5.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Cyberbullying Awareness in Secondary and High Schools</p> </td> <td> <p>391</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>357</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>6.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Characteristics of Instructional Videos</p> </td> <td> <p>282</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>227</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>7.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Current Trends in Education Technologies Research Worldwide: Meta-Analysis of Studies between 2015-2020</p> </td> <td> <p>273</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>172</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>8.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Social Relations in Virtual World and Social Media Aggression</p> </td> <td> <p>266</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>218</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>9.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>What Are the Perceptions of the Students about Asynchronous Distance Learning and Blended Learning?</p> </td> <td> <p>222</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>217</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>10.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Experiences of Classroom Teachers on the Use of Hands-On Material and Educational Software in Math Education</p> </td> <td> <p>191</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>170</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> BIRLESIK DUNYA YENILIK ARASTIRMA VE YAYINCILIK MERKEZI en-US World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 1309-0348 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> Computational thinking assessment at primary school in the context of learning programming <p>The study was carried out from 2018 to 2020 with the challenge - how to assess the level of computational thinking. The research design is mixed since the disclosure of mutual influence of the components of the chain ‘learning programming – computational thinking – evaluating computational thinking’ requires the use of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The conceptualisation of the ‘computational thinking’ idea is based on the premise of the impact of abstract thinking and computers on human thinking evolution. The structural interpretation of ‘computational thinking’, consisting of nine components, reflects the presence of a semantic link between teaching programming and the development of abstract computational thinking. Four levels (phenomenological, analytic–synthetic, set–prognostic and axiomatic) of computational thinking have been identified for each of these nine components. The study involved 102 elementary school students who are learning programming in Scratch. The guiding questions and problems we have developed for elementary school students are designed following the characteristics of the four levels of computational thinking. The results of the study showed that the ratio of ‘structural components’ to different levels of computational thinking, with the corresponding characteristics, allows one to determine the degree of its development or its individual components.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords</em>: Computational thinking, educational taxonomies, evaluation methodologies, levels of development;</p> Manargul Mukasheva Aisara Omirzakova Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 336 353 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5918 Training future computer science teachers in the context of digitalisation based on the “History of informatics” course <p>The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that the formation of the principles of teaching the use of information technologies needs to be laid in the learning process. The aim is to study the working conditions of a modern computer science teacher and to determine the main directions of their training. The method of analysis made it possible to identify the discrepancy between the realities of the work of a computer science teacher at school and the training system at a university. The paper shows that digitalisation of learning is determined not only by the use of certain digital products but also by the formation of a digital learning environment. The practical significance is determined by the possibilities of a structural understanding of teaching future computer science teachers when using a combination of information technologies with the need to use them in practice in a modern school.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords<strong>: </strong>information and communication technologies (ICT); information educational environment; pedagogical activity; professional competence.</p> Nurzhamal T. Oshanova Assel K. Bukanova Zhadyra S. Kazhiakparova Makpal T. Salbyrova Saltanat R. Sharmukhanbet Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 354 369 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5919 Thai undergraduate digital citizenship skills education: A second-order confirmatory factor analysis <p>From the study’s initial qualitative analysis, 10 latent variables and 22 indicators concerning digital citizenship skills (DCS) were used in a questionnaire on a sample of 506 Thai Business Computer Programme undergraduate students attending one of six regional Thai Rajabhat Universities. Goodness-of-fit and descriptive statistical analysis [mean, standard deviation, Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin index analysis and <strong>Bartlett’s test of sphericity</strong> were analysed by using <em>SPSS</em>® for Windows Version 21 and LISREL 9.10 for the second-order confirmatory factor analysis CFA. The results revealed that each student’s opinion on their DCSs had a ‘high agreement’ level. Moreover, importance ranking from high to low of the 10 primary indicators was each student’s footprint (1.00), cyberbullying (1.00), law (0.97), access (0.88), security (0.84), literacy (0.83), empathy (0.81), etiquette (0.80), collaboration (0.70) and thinking (0.65). Therefore, it is suggested that this study’s results be used to assist various agencies and ministries in building programmes for student digital citizenship skills.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Digital skills education; student cyberbullying; student digital footprints; teaching digital literacy; Thailand</p> Prarichart Ruenphongphun Aukkapong Sukkamart Paitoon Pimdee Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 370 385 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5937 Methodology of preparing future computer science teachers to create electronic educational resources <p>Modern society stands in need of a next-generation teacher, in the light of which this study acquires particular relevance. The paper investigates the urgent issue of modern pedagogy – the study of the scientific foundations of the methodology for preparing future computer sciences teachers for the development of electronic educational resources. In the study, the following general scientific methods were used: logical-historical method, pedagogical observation, analysis, synthesis, systematisation and generalisation, methods of pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics. The authors propose criteria and indicators of the readiness of future informatics teachers to develop electronic educational resources, as well as levels to identify the readiness of future informatics teachers to create electronic educational resources. In the paper, the authors share the results of an experiment to determine the suitability of their proposed methodology, describe the ways of forming the skills of future teachers to develop EER.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> learning process, informatisation of education, structure, aptitude of future teachers, criteria, indicators.</p> Aliya D. Ongarbayeva Salidin K. Kaldybaev Muratbek U. Kasymaliev Gulnar O. Kozhasheva Nabira S. Yermekova Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 386 396 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5933 Fostering post-secondary vocational students’ critical thinking through multi-level tasks in learning environments <p>In today’s labour market, being competitive requires, in addition to technical skills, several twenty-first-century career competencies, including the capacity to think critically. Although the literature on teaching methods designed for enhancing students’ reflective thinking abounds, the contribution of special tasks with varying complexity to learners’ critical thinking capacity, to our knowledge, has not been earlier investigated. Hence, the present investigation sought to investigate the effect of multi-level critical thinking activities introduced into classes on the critical thinking level of post-secondary vocational students. This cross-sectional study employed the Starkey Critical Thinking Test adapted for the Russian-speaking population in order to measure critical thinking level in a sample (n = 218) of vocational students. Results showed that among students whose classes were complemented by critical thinking tasks, almost half of subjects with low and test scores eventually shifted to a medium scoring cohort. Eleven learners who were medium scorers at the beginning gained high-level results at the end point. Meanwhile, only a small percentage of those no-treatment participants with initially low performance on the critical thinking test eventually moved into the medium level, as well as from the latter into a high achievement category. The independent two-tailed t-test revealed a significant difference between posttest scores observed in control and intervention groups. It can be therefore suggested that critical analysis of thought-provoking materials with subsequent class presentation and discussion can provide catalytic conditions for developing learners’ reflective thinking abilities. It was recommended that future studies using similar intervention should involve a larger sample and deal with qualitative data to extend the research and increase its validity.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords</em>: Education; higher-order thinking; reflective thinking; vocational students.</p> Zhanar Sabyrovna Bekbayeva Temir Tlekovich Galiyev Nazymgul Albytova Zhazira Meirhanovna Zhazykbayeva Assem Bolatbekovna Mussatayeva Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 397 406 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5948 Attitudes of preservice teachers having pedagogical formation certificate training towards instructional technology and material design course <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of the trainees registered in Pedagogical Formation Certificate Program (PFCP) towards the Instructional Technologies and Material Design (ITMD) course and to analyze whether these attitudes differed according to gender, department and level of grade. The data were obtained from totally 110 trainees including 78 females and 38 males. In addition to the personal information form, the Attitude Scale towards ITMD Course was used as the data collection tool. The scale had three sub-dimensions as effectiveness, admiration and denial, and the internal consistency coefficients calculated for the current implementation were between .99 and .77. It was understood that the trainees regarded the ITMD course effective enough to be considered good, admired the course at a moderate level, and did not neglect the course very much. It was noticed that female trainees found the course more effective and admired it more rather than the male trainees. The trainees in the English group were determined to consider ITMD course more effective than the trainees in the philosophy group. Moreover, it was proved that the students in the English group admired more rather than the trainees in the theology and philosophy groups. The graduate trainees regarded ITMD course more effective than the ones who were still students.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: instructional technologies, information technologies, instructional technologies and material design, attitude towards itmd course;</p> Recep Oz Murat Tolga Kayalar Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 407 418 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5940 Criteria of subjectivity of master’s students instructional technology and education degree program <p>The source of the prospects for the development of an independent state is the education of younger generation. The globalizing world requires particular attention and responsibility in nurture the young generation. That is why the secularism of the education system is a blessing and a necessity. This article discusses the achievements and new challenges in the field of education over the years of independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.The article presents questions of the criteria and indicators for identifying and studying the subjectivity of future masters. The article analyzes the diversity and multifunctionality of the phenomenon of subjectivity in the context of an interdisciplinary approach. The strategic and practical directions for the development of the student's subjectivity in the educational process of the university are characterized on the basis of highlighting plans for the social and professional life of a future specialist in an education situation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: subject, subjectivity, subject-oriented approach, Master’s degree program, Master’s degree student, criteria, indicators;</p> Sovetkanova Damira Maratovna Umirbekova Akerke Nurlanbekovna Shalabayeva Laura Ismailbekovna Butabayeva Laura Askarovna Kulmysheva Nazym Armysovna Sarsembayeva Ella Yuryevna Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 419 427 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5950 Evaluation of pre-service teachers' views on their ability to use instructional technologies <p>In recent times, educational technologies have gained grounds in many fields of study. The use of technology to facilitate learning has increased over the past decade, but related problems in education and training are still on the surge. The aim of this study is to determine the opinions of prospective teachers about the skill levels of using and preparing the internet, computer and instructional technology according to different variables. The study was applied to the senior students studying at the classroom teaching department of a university of education faculty in Kazakhstan. Optional participation was provided.The 32 teacher-participants were asked 4 interview questions. Data were taken with a qualitative research method. The prepared questions were prepared to get the opinions of pre-service teachers studying in the classroom teaching department regarding the use of technology in educational technology, and the questions were applied by giving the final shape by the experts in their fields. The elementary school teacher candidates feel insufficient to use the internet and computer for teaching purposes. However, they stated that they are sufficient in using computers and internet search engines, they can prepare simple materials for teaching purposes and they cannot prepare multi-purpose teaching devices.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: teacher candidate, technology, educational technology;</p> <h1>&nbsp;</h1> Dinara Ramazanova Aigulden Togaibayeva Aliya Suguraliyeva Botagoz Zhubatyrova Gulmira Biissova Bukhaeva Anar Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 428 436 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5951 How elementary school teachers organized online learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic? <p>This study aims to analyze the organization of online learning from teachers during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research is a qualitative research with a phenomenological approach. The research subjects were elementary school teachers. Data were collected through interviews and documentation. Data analysis is done through data condensation, data presentation and verification. The results show that online learning is based on a simplified curriculum with the selection of essential competencies that are considered very important to be conveyed to students. The lesson plans are arranged in a simpler way with sections that always appear, namely learning objectives, learning activities and assessments. Synchronous learning relies more on Zoom. Asynchronous learning variations are carried out with Google Classroom to form independent and student-centered learning. Strengthening student understanding is done by providing feedback through the WhatsApp application because it is considered more flexible, responds quickly, is simple and easy to run on students' smartphones.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Covid-19 Pandemic, elementary school, online learning</p> Herwin Herwin Agung Hastomo Bambang Saptono Amalia Rizki Ardiansyah Setiawan Edi Wibowo Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 437 449 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5952 Social Media communicative skills of younger students with intellectual disabilities in science education course <p>Social and communication skills of individuals with intellectual disabilities are limited. It is important to support children who are affected from an early age by the insufficiency in terms of social cohesion and &nbsp;social skills. Social skills deficiencies lead to failure in academic skills and it is known that academic success and social skills are closely related. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of an intervention program on enhancing socio-communication skills of children with intellectual disability in science education course. Experimental research was carried out in the study in order to examine the effectiveness of an intervention program designed to promote social and communication skills of students with intellectual disability. A total number of 59 individuals with intellectual disability participated in the study. The level of development and features of development of social and communicative skills in this category are revealed. Results obtained from the study were discussed with relevant results from the literature and implications for further research and practices were provided.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: children with intellectual disabilities, social and communication skills, intervention;</p> Ingaibekova Tolkyn Amangeldinovna Satova Akmaral Kulmagambetovna Mombieva Gulmira Abuovna Makhmetova Aigerim Amanovna Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 450 466 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5953 Preparation of future specialists for the formation of educational communication skills for elementary school children <p>Modern primary school teachers must implement training, development, and education based on knowledge of the individual characteristics of the younger pupil, be able to manage the process of the schoolchild’s constant change and ensure his ascent to a higher level of development, carry out the scientific-pedagogical search, solving the problems of the child's personality formation on a scientific basis. The relevance of this research is determined by the fact that it considers the problem of mastering communication skills as an integral part of speech communication skills, which is a necessary condition for successful social adaptation of the trainee. This article discusses the issue of determining the theoretical knowledge level of future primary school teachers for the formation of communication skills of younger learners. For this research, a research experiment (2017-2018), a search experiment (2018-2019), education experiment (2019-2020) was designed. The survey of students was conducted to determine their own opinion about the formation of their knowledge, skills, and abilities. For this purpose, a survey was conducted with 152 students. The developed method is more likely to create information about the formation of communication skills of primary school students than the traditional method of future teachers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: communication, skill, ability, skill set, competence, difficulty, contact information, future teachers</p> Zhanar Karasheva Amina Amirova Larissa Ageyeva Mariya Jazdykbayeva Elmira Uaidullakyzy Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 467 484 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5954 Distance education in higher education in Saudi Arabia in the post-COVID-19 era <p>COVID-19 has changed the field of education. This paper aimed to re-envision the post-pandemic higher education landscape in Saudi Arabia. This study employed descriptive-qualitative research design. Twenty postgraduates completed a journal task at a public university in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. The responses revealed their first-hand experience of multi-sectorial communities caused by the COVID-19 lockdown, including students, parents and teachers. Results showed that there are seven positive and eight negative impacts of emergency distance education caused by the pandemic lockdown and various themes have emerged, including Social and Educational. To succeed in the post-pandemic era, teachers need to acquire online pedagogical content knowledge and teaching strategies, conduct effective student evaluation and engage students in both virtual and in-person labs and classrooms. This study contributes to quality access of students toward online learning in countries, where distance education is still in its infant stage, such as Saudi Arabia.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Distance education, post-secondary education, teacher training, teaching strategies, networked learning</p> Amani K. H. Alghamdi Wai Si El-Hassan Arif A. M. H. Al-Ahdal Ahmed A. Hassan Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 485 501 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5956 Evaluation of oral speech of Students with hearing impairments with perspectives of special learning technologies <p>In recent years, much attention has been paid to the problem of language and correct pronunciation in the native language when working with the younger generation, including the formation of oral speech in children with hearing impairments with perspectives of special learning technologies, which formed the basis for our research work. Theoretically, the effective methods in shaping the oral skills of students with hearing impairments imply the provision of opportunities for their further successful socialization, unlimited communication with the outside world, and personality formation. In order to tackle the problem, we have identified the problem of testing methods and determining the level of formation of oral speech of students with hearing impairment, offering special methods, techniques for its improvement. In the course of implementation, diagnostic studies, quantitative and qualitative analysis of indicators, practical implementation of the methodology, and various practical works were carried out.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Learning technologies, oral speech, children, hearing impairment, Kazakh language</p> Chulembayeva Aigerim Autayeva Akbota Nursultanovna Butabayeva Laura Askarovna S.K. Kapalova B.B. Sikinbayev Zeynep Genc Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 502 513 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5958 Constructive online feedback to enhance learning achievement of open and distance students <p>The purpose of the present study was to elaborate the effect of providing the constructive feedback to open and distant students who enrolled in the online learning program. The participants were 30 students who studied in eight sessions of the online course. They had to discuss course content in available chat forum of the Learning LMS and complete written assignments. The constructive feedback with some characteristics - specific and actionable; descriptive and helpful; showing respect; address to issues and tasks; and provide dialogue - were immediately provided by the tutors on the students’ discussion and their written assignments. Pre-test and post-test sessions were implemented to get information regarding the influence of constructive feedback on students’ cognitive aspects. In addition, the online interview session was also applied to gather the information concerning the impact of the constructive feedback provision on students’ motivational aspects. It is therefore concluded that the provision of constructive feedback student’s motivation and knowledge while they were participating in online learning program.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Constructive feedback; online learning; learning achievement;</p> Rudi Susilana Benny Agus Pribadi Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 514 528 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5959 Some instructional problems in the formation of family and moral values of students <p>In this article, we examine the instructional theoretical work on the formation of family-moral values ​​of students, conduct experimental work on a small experimental site and consider its concrete results. Methods were used to determine students' moral awareness, understanding family as value, family relationships, ability to control family conflicts, and active involvement in family decision-making. Theoretically, content analysis, synthesis, generalization, survey, diagnostics, and the like were organized. Based on the above, it is very effective to use Rokeach's method of "valuing the value". We present a percentage index based on the traditional relationships of the family institution in the form of a forming experiment organized on the basis of the "Psychological trainings for family life" series, which is organized in the right direction, in conjunction with the new social and economic conditions within the modern society.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Instruction, family values, technology, cultural relations, individuality, typology of values;</p> Sabira Nishanbayeva Sholpan Kolumbayeva Aisulu Satynskaya Saira Zhiyenbayeva Perizat Seiitkazy Sholpan Kalbergenova Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 13 3 529 545 10.18844/wjet.v13i3.5961